Census

Free Sources for Atlantic Canada Census Returns

Updated: February 4, 2016

Notes about the census records.

History of the Census of Canada: Contained on Statistics Canada website.

Canada Census Database: A list of past census records and links to view them are found on Library and Archives Canada’s website.

Prince Edward Island: Prince Edward Island Censuses currently available are for years 1728 to 1911. Some records are not complete. Census records for 1752 and 1798 are available in printed form at the Public Archives and Records Office as are microfilm copies of the 1841, 1848, 1861, 1881, 1891 and 1901 manuscript censuses. Printed booklets for each Lot covered by the 1881, 1891 and 1901 censuses, prepared by the PEI Genealogical Society, are also available for viewing at the Archives. The Public Archives and Records Office also has on-line search capabilities for the 1841, 1881, 1891 and 1901 census at Census Documents Data Search.

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1945 Census – Newfoundland and Labrador only

Newfoundland and Labrador

1945 Census: Contained on Newfoundland’s Grand Banks Genealogical and Historical Data website (http://ngb.chebucto.org/index.html).

1935 Census – Newfoundland and Labrador only

Newfoundland and Labrador

1935 Census: Contained on Newfoundland’s Grand Banks Genealogical and Historical Data website (http://ngb.chebucto.org/index.html).

1921 (official census day for Canada: June 1, 1921)

For all of Canada, except Newfoundland: Delivery from Statistics Canada to Library and Archives Canada is complete. The digital images for this census are now available for free here.

Newfoundland

1921 Census: Contained on Newfoundland’s Grand Banks Genealogical and Historical Data website (http://ngb.chebucto.org/index.html).

New Brunswick

Parish of St. Croix: Located on the St. Croix Rootsweb page.

Nova Scotia

Liscomb, Liscomb Mills, Little Liscomb, Spanish Ship Bay: These communities in Guysborough County are located on this site in the 1921 Census section.

1911 (official census day: June 1, 1911)

Atlantic Canada

1911 Census: Automated Genealogy contains a searchable database with links to digital images of the completed census forms. This census covers all of Canada.

1901 (official census day: March 31, 1901)

Atlantic Canada

1901 Census: Automated Genealogy contains a searchable database with links to digital images of the completed census forms. This census covers all of Canada

Nova Scotia

1901 Census for Sydney Mines, Cape Breton County, NS (Part 1): Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1901 Census for Sydney Mines, Cape Breton County, NS (Part 2): Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1901 Census for Colchester County, NS: Part of The Nova Scotia Genealogy Network Association website (http://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca//index.html). The data in these files was transcribed by Don Lewis of Ottawa.

1901 Census for Cumberland County, NS: Part of The Nova Scotia Genealogy Network Association website (http://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca//index.html). The data in these files was transcribed by Don Lewis of Ottawa.

1891 (official census day: April 6, 1891)

Nova Scotia

1891 Census Mi’kmaq in Nova Scotia: Contained on the Cape Breton University website (http://mrc.uccb.ns.ca).

1891 Census for Antigonish County, NS: Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1891 Census for Sydney Mines, Cape Breton County, NS (Part 1): Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1891 Census for Sydney Mines, Cape Breton County, NS (Part 2): Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1891 Census for Colchester County, NS: Part of The Nova Scotia Genealogy Network Association website (http://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca//index.html). The data in these files was transcribed by Don Lewis of Ottawa.

1891 Census for Cumberland County, NS: Part of The Nova Scotia Genealogy Network Association website (http://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca//index.html). The data in these files was transcribed by Don Lewis of Ottawa.

1891 Census for Smith’s Cove, Halifax County, NS: John Cordes transcribed this record.

1891 Census for Inverness County, NS: Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1891 Census for Petit-de-Grat, Richmond County, NS: Part of the Cape Breton Counties Genealogy website (http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nscpbret/cbgenwb.html).

1881 (official census day: April 4, 1881)

Atlantic Canada

1881 Census: Library and Archives website: A searchable database on with links to digital images of the completed census forms. This census covers all of Canada. You can also learn how the census was collected and how to interpret the column headings and abbreviations.

Nova Scotia

1881 Census Mi’kmaq in Nova Scotia: Contained on the Cape Breton University website (http://mrc.uccb.ns.ca).

1881 Census for Colchester County, NS: Part of The Nova Scotia Genealogy Network Association website (http://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca//index.html). The data in these files was transcribed by Don Lewis of Ottawa.

1881 Census for Cumberland County, NS: Part of The Nova Scotia Genealogy Network Association website (http://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca//index.html). The data in these files was transcribed by Don Lewis of Ottawa.

1881 Census for Inverness County, NS: Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1881 Census for Boularderie, Victoria County, NS: Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1871 (official census day: April 2, 1871)

New Brunswick

1871 Census St. David Parish, Charlotte County, NB: Transcribed index includes approximately 1880 names. Part of the St. David Parish website: http://www.rootsweb.com/~nbstdavi/

Nova Scotia

1871 Census Mi’kmaq in Nova Scotia: Contained on the Cape Breton University website (http://mrc.uccb.ns.ca).

1871 Census for Sydney Mines, Cape Breton County, NS: Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1871 Census for Colchester County, NS: Part of The Nova Scotia Genealogy Network Association website (http://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca//index.html). The data in these files was transcribed by Don Lewis of Ottawa.

1871 Census for Cumberland County, NS: Part of The Nova Scotia Genealogy Network Association website (http://nsgna.ednet.ns.ca//index.html). The data in these files was transcribed by Don Lewis of Ottawa.

1871 Census for Halifax East, Halifax County, NS: Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1871 Census for Cape Sable Island, Shelburne County, NS: Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1871 Census for Red Islands, Richmond County, NS: Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1863

Prince Edward Island

1863 Lake Map Of Prince Edward Island: Click on a lot on the map to see who lived there. The writing on the map can be difficult to read. The census is located on the Island Register website.

1861 (official census day: January 14, 1861)

Prince Edward Island

1861 Population Census Count of Prince Edward Island: Names are not listed, just the population for each area. The census is located on the Island Register website.

1851 (official census day: January 12, 1852)

New Brunswick and Nova Scotia

1851 Census: The records that survive include New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Canada East (Quebec) and Canada West (Ontario). The images have been scanned and are available in PDF on the Library and Archives of Canada website and is searchable by geographic location only.

New Brunswick

1851 Census St. David Parish, Charlotte County, NB: Transcribed index of head of households, some wives and some boarders. Part of the St. David Parish website: http://www.rootsweb.com/~nbstdavi/

1848

Prince Edward Island

1848 Prince Edward Island Lot 31 Census: The census is located on the Island Register website.

1841

Prince Edward Island

1841 Prince Edward Island Lot 34 Census: Info transcribed from PEI 1841 Census of Lot 34. National Archives of Canada film # M-896.  The census is located on the Island Register website.

1838

Nova Scotia

1838 Census: On this website, the 1838 Census Records for Nova Scotia include several counties, but they are not complete for the entire province. The counties are Guysborough, Halifax, Lunenburg, Queens and Yarmouth.

1838 Census for Nova Scotia: Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1817

Nova Scotia

1817 Census for Nova Scotia (Partial): Census Data available for downloading from The Nova Scotia GenWeb site (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1798

Prince Edward Island

1798 Island of St. John Heads of Household Census: Prince Edward Island was known as Island of St. John in 1798. In 1799, in honour of Edward, Duke of Kent, it was renamed Prince Edward Island. The census is located on the Island Register website.

1770

Nova Scotia and New Brunswick

1770 Nova Scotia, includes present day New Brunswick: The census was taken in the following years: 1770, 1773, 1775, 1787. For example, Amherst was counted in 1770, Yarmouth 1773, Conway in 1775, and Queens County in 1787. However, the majority of the areas were done in 1770. Other areas counted were Annapolis, Barrington, Cumberland, Falmouth, Granville, Hillsborough, Horton, New Dublin, Onslow, Donegall/Pictou, Sackville, Truro and Pictou. This census record is found on the Nova Scotia GenWeb Project (http://www.rootsweb.com/~canns/).

1768

Prince Edward Island

1768 St. John’s Island Heads of Household Census: In 1768 Lt. Governor Francklyn of Nova Scotia ordered the Island of St. John’s first Census, which was dispatched to the Lord Hillsborough. It shows P.E.I.’s first English speaking Settlers as of July 31 of that year. The census is located on the Island Register website.

1752

Prince Edward Island

1752 Census Sieur de la Roque for Prince Edward Island/Ile Saint Jean: The census is located on the Island Register website.

1734

Prince Edward Island

1734 Acadian Census for Ile St. Jean/Prince Edward Island: The French Government in Louisburg, commissioned a number of censuses of the French settlements on Ile St. Jean (Prince Edward Island) during the pre-English years of the Island. Copies of these censuses are located in the Smith-Alley Collection at the P.E.I. Public Archives and Records Office, Accession 2702/670. This census was one taken of the residents of Ile St. Jean for the year of 1734. There is also a “Rolle des Habitants” for this year, which I will put on at a later date. The census is located on the Island Register website.

1730

Prince Edward Island

1730 Acadian Census for Ile St. Jean/Prince Edward Island: The French Government in Louisburg, commissioned a number of censuses of the French settlements on Ile St. Jean (Prince Edward Island) during the pre-English years of the Island. Copies of these censuses are located in the Smith-Alley Collection at the P.E.I. Public Archives and Records Office, Accession 2702/670. This census was one taken of the residents of Ile St. Jean for the year of 1730. The census is located on the Island Register website.

1728

Prince Edward Island

1728 Acadian Census for Ile St. Jean/Prince Edward Island: The French Government in Louisburg, commissioned a number of censuses of the French settlements on Ile St. Jean (Prince Edward Island) during the pre-English years of the Island. Copies of these censuses are located in the Smith-Alley Collection at the P.E.I. Public Archives and Records Office, Accession 2702/670. This census was one taken of the residents of Ile St. Jean for the year of 1728. The census is located on the Island Register website.

Copyright@2013.DianeTibert

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